Rehabilitation of Speech
Head injuries, strokes, and other medical problems may affect the vocal and pharyngeal tracts. In this situation, patients need professional help to be able to talk or eat properly. The Rehabilitation of the speech process begins after acute care of an incident or accident. During this process, you will need a professional team of specialists consisting of physicians, nurses, physical therapists, occupational therapists, and audiologists. We will be by your side in the rehabilitation process by providing professional assistance.
Table of Contents
- 1 Rehabilitation of Speech
- 2 Who needs speech therapy?
- 3 Children speech rehabilitation
- 4 Role of the speech therapist in rehabilitation
- 5 Role of the speech therapist in stroke rehabilitation
- 6 Method of speech rehabilitation after laryngectomy
- 7 What activities can help with speech delay in toddlers?
- 8 Adults speech rehabilitation
- 9 Speech rehabilitation near me
Who needs speech therapy?
Speech rehabilitation or speech therapy service is required for either speech disorders emerging in childhood or adult impairments caused by accidents. Some disorders may arise from strokes, tumors, infection, or surgery. Affecting the language center in the brain, the patient will face some communication difficulties.
Children speech rehabilitation
The rehabilitation process and duration depend on the age, needs, and type of disorder. However, The scheme may differ from person to person. There are multiple kinds of treatment done in groups or solely. Some rehabilitation schemes for children are as follows:
- Communication through reading out loud, playing, and using images. It helps encourage the child to interact more and develop speech abilities.
- Exaggerate sounds and words and invite the child to imitate.
- Educating parents on how to communicate with the child and providing speech therapy at home.
Role of the speech therapist in rehabilitation
The American Stroke Association indicates that “recovery from a stroke can take up to two years.” The same can be true for other health conditions such as head injury. The recovery path is difficult and requires knowledge and experience. The patients and families might not be able to step on this road alone. Being able to speak, eat or walk requires professional assistance. This is where the speech therapist steps in to help patients and families.
The specialists are familiar with the new situation and know what to do in the rehabilitation process.
Rehabilitation begins right after an incident or accident happens. The rehab process could begin in one of the following cases:
- hospital setting
- home healthcare,
- long-term care facilities
- patient’s place of residence
The point is that the specialist can work with the patient in different places. The patient can stay in the hospital or home health care for a long time. They often prefer to stay at home and enjoy freedom and calmness. This is where a speech therapist can assist to a large extent.
The therapist informs others who are involved in the process of rehabilitation in different places.
Role of the speech therapist in stroke rehabilitation
Stroke reduces or interrupts the blood supply to parts of the brain. It prevents the brain tissue from receiving oxygen and vital nutrients.
The long-term effects of stroke are different and are up to the:
- The duration that blood flow to the brain was impaired
- What part of the brain was most affected
The common post-stroke complications are as follows:
- Memory loss
- Emotional changes
- Difficulty speaking
The speech therapist provides rehabilitation options based on each one of the complications mentioned above. The patient must be appropriate to the patient’s conditions. Speech therapy can reduce the symptoms of stroke-related health issues.
The three main ways stroke causes damage to the brain is:
The most common language disorder is caused by stroke. It affects how a person speaks, understands, reads, and writes. The three subcategories of Aphasia are as follows:
Difficulty, or problems are understanding what is being said.
Difficulty expressing what the patient wants.
A combination of problems in communication.
It slows down or hinders communication by causing weakness in the muscles used to speak. It affects the mouth, lips, tongue, or muscles that help regulate breathing while speaking.
Not being able to move muscles in the appropriate order or sequence to make the necessary sounds for consistently clear speech.
The therapists evaluate, diagnose and treat disorders related to speech, voice, language, cognitive communication. He/she recommends an individualized treatment plan tailored to the patient’s needs. Some of the practices the therapists work with stroke patients are as follows:
- Naming pictures
- Sentence practice
- Practicing speech sounds
- Tongue strengthening exercises
- Breathing exercises
Method of speech rehabilitation after laryngectomy
In the process of laryngectomy, surgeons remove the entire larynx of patients. They separate the trachea (airway) from the nose and mouth. The trachea will be redirected through a permanent hole in the neck, which gets called a stoma.
After surgery, patients won’t be able to speak or breathe through the nose and mouth. The process will be done through the stoma. When the patients cough or sneeze, the air and mucous will come out of the stoma rather than the mouth.
There are three methods of restoring voice after total laryngectomy surgery:
- Electro Laryngeal voice
- Tracheoesophageal voice
- Esophageal voice
The therapists evaluate the patient’s situation and recommend the best type of treatment. Each one of them has its advantages and disadvantages.
What activities can help with speech delay in toddlers?
Read to them
One strategy to assist your child with a speech delay is to read books and other materials as often as possible every day. Children learn to speak and produce sounds through imitating and interacting with others. So allow your child to practice ‘reading’ with you by reading age-appropriate books to them.
Speak with them
You may also ease your toddler’s speech delay by trying to speak with them. They recommend focusing on sounds or phrases your child is having difficulty with and perhaps even creating a game out of it to keep it more entertaining. As your kid learns to understand different sounds, you may assist them in applying their new knowledge to learning words that include the same sound.
Did you know that your child can sing a song before they’re able to speak a whole sentence? Singing is an excellent approach to help a child with a speech delay since it may help increase a toddler’s vocabulary. In addition, “Informal musical practice at home adds to the formation of grammar,” according to recent research.
It is suggested that self-talk be used to aid a toddler’s speaking delay. This implies that when you’re with your child, you’re always talking about what you’re doing and naming the various things or stuff around you. You may identify each object and talk about it as you place it back in the cart at the supermarket, or if you’re at home and having fun with toys, you can talk about the game and how you’re playing it. Again, repetition is essential in assisting infants in developing their linguistic abilities.
Use drinking straws
To assist your toddler in developing their language skills, drinking straws is also useful. They can strengthen those muscles by blowing air out of the straws while drinking. In addition, making a game out of it with a ping pong ball or something similar can help your toddler learn how to blow through a straw and move the ball.
Adults speech rehabilitation
At first, the caregivers will identify your disorder, needs, and goals. Then they will select the proper scheme to serve you the most. You may also have experienced swallowing difficulties in cases of Parkinson’s or oral cancer.
Some rehabilitation schemes for adults are mentioned below.
- Providing notebooks, flashcards, speech rehabilitation apps, and language development tools
- Improving communication skills by encouraging the patient to interact more
- Facial exercises to empower the muscles.
- Breathing exercises
Speech rehabilitation near me
If you need Speech rehabilitation services in Las Vegas, Health & Care Professional Network provides you a wide range of home health programs. Give us a call at (702) 871-9917 for further information.