Treatments of Other Language Disorders

Understanding the cause of language disorders is very important in determining the treatment process. Treatment is determined by age, cause and severity of the condition.

According to the National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders, an estimated 6 to 8 million people have language disorders. Language disorders make it difficult for patients to read, write, or even hear. Fortunately, these patients can hope for rehabilitation because language pathologists and speech therapists can help effectively restore their language abilities.

Types of language disorders

Speech and language disorders are numerous and have unique features; however, some of the most common problems are:

  • Aphasia: People with this problem have difficulty reading, writing, speaking, and understanding what they hear.
  • Dysarthria: These people show unintelligible speech patterns that can affect speech comprehension.
  • Apraxia: Lack of coordination between mouth and lip movements produces incomprehensible speech.
  •  Voice disorders: These disorders can lead to vocal hoarseness, changes in vocal volume, and vocal fatigue.
  • Cognitive communication impairment: People with this disorder have poor concentration, difficulty solving problems, and memory. Nor can they properly meet medical needs and tasks related to daily life.

 

The role of speech therapy in language disorders

In speech therapy, the patient’s needs and conditions are assessed first. It can be said that the care plan will be determined based on the patient’s needs. Therefore, not all patients will receive the same treatment.

Adults with the following problems can benefit from speech therapy:

  • People who have had a stroke have swallowing disorders, language impairments, slurred speech, and cognitive-communication impairments.
  • People with voice disorders
  • People who have swallowing disorders for various reasons
  • People with other mild traumatic brain injuries
Language disorder treatments in Las Vegas

What Is Mixed Receptive-Expressive Language Disorder?

Many distinct language disorders can impact adults and children alike in how well they can understand what others say or how well they can express their thoughts. A mixed receptive-expressive language disorder confronts the individual with difficulty with both of these tasks.

 

What Causes a Mixed Receptive-Expressive Language Disorder?

Young children are commonly affected by language disorders. Typically, this disorder is the consequence of a developmental issue. However, problems with language do not necessarily concern the child’s sense, as some children are simply not capable of communicating and their friends.

This disorder can also be acquired from a neurological injury. We will name a few of the leading causes of a Mixed Receptive-Expressive Language Disorder:

  • Seizures
  • Stroke
  • Other traumatic head injuries

It may also stem from another incident in rare cases.

 

Typical Behaviors of Children with a Language Disorder

Commonly, kids have some disability when it comes to language. The NIDCD (National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders) reports that every 1 in 12 children in the United States experiences difficulties with speech, language, voice, or swallowing.

People with other developmental disorders are most likely to suffer from a mixed receptive-expressive language disorder. However, this is not the only practical factor. Children with this type of disorder will often show symptoms like:

  • The incapability to communicate thoughts, needs, or wants vocally with the same degree of complication
  • Limited vocabulary
  • Pronouncing words clearly, but having difficulty using them properly in a sentence, tense, or grammar
  • Stubborn or obnoxious, but genuinely unable to understand what is being said
  • The confusion encompassing spatial terms, or abstract nouns

And many more.

Language disorders may vary from one child to another. Therefore, specific symptoms may/may not be present depending on the person and their unique case.

 

What are Pragmatic Language Disorders and Social Communication disorders?

Pragmatic language disorders (social communication disorders) are impairments in understanding and using practical aspects of language. The word “pragmatics” is the way we:

  • Use language socially 
  • Change language according to the condition
  • Follow rules of conversation

 

As kids get older, a pragmatic language disorder may become more noticeable when they have trouble understanding common conversational phrases, jokes, sarcasm, and metaphors.

 

How do I know if my child has Pragmatic Language Disorders?

Children with pragmatic language disorders may show the following symptoms:

  • Making inappropriate/ irrelevant comments while in a conversation
  • Inability to keep or explain a topic
  • Inability to make inferences
  • Problems taking turns during a conversation
  • Trouble making eye contact
  • Problems relating to peers
  • Using disjointed language
  • Trouble using variation

 

If you have noticed any of the symptoms above, contact a pediatrician immediately to assess for pragmatic language disorders.

 

What is a developmental language disorder?

Developmental Language Disorder (DLD) means the individual has ongoing difficulties understanding and speaking the language. DLD was known as Specific Language Impairment (SLI) before.

There is no discovered cause of DLD, and that makes it complicated to explain. DLD is not the consequence of emotional difficulties or less exposure to the language.

Medical conditions like: do not cause DLD

  • Hearing loss
  • Physical impairment
  • Autism
  • Severe learning difficulties
  • Brain injuries

 

However, people with these conditions may have a language disorder as well.

 

Expressive language disorder treatments

Children with an expressive language disorder can hardly express or convey information in the following areas:

  • Speech
  • Writing
  • Gesture
  • Sign language

Some children are late in dominating the specific language during the first three years. After that, however, they will look. Then, at last, they catch up to their peers. These children are usually referred to as “late talkers.”

Children who keep having difficulties with verbal expression may be identified as kids with expressive language disorder or other language impairments.

 

Symptoms of expressive language disorder

Children with this type of disorder have trouble combining words to form accurate phrases. For instance, a child may not utilize the correct form of the verb tense ( ‘I goed’ instead of ‘I went) or delete crucial grammatical words ( ‘I going’ instead of ‘I am going).

They commonly produce shorter sentences than their peers at the same age, and their vocabulary is smaller and more straightforward.

 

Features of people with expressive language disorder

Children with expressive language disorder are often below the average level of their age in:

  • Putting words together to express ideas
  • Recalling words
  • Using language adequately with different people ( at home, in school, with parents and teachers).

 

Instead, they:

  • Are unable to join sentences with ‘and, ‘but’ or ‘if’ ( A seven-year-old child)
  • Are only able to speak in two-word phrases ( A three-year-old child)
  • Make grammatical errors, leave out words, and use incomplete sentence structure ( ‘He going work’ instead of ‘He’s going to work’)
  • Use fewer words than children of a similar age
  • Use shorter, simpler sentence construction than children of their age
  • Have a basic vocabulary
  • Rely on standard phrases/limited content in speech
  • Use non-specific vocabulary like ‘thing.’
  • Use the wrong words in sentences
  • Have trouble finding the right word
  • Sound hesitant when seeking converse
  • Repeat or echo a speaker’s words
  • Are unable to come to the point
  • Have problems with retelling a story
  • Are unable to start a conversation 
  • Don’t understand the rules of communicating with others
  • Have difficulty with oral and written assignments

 

How to fix expressive language disorder

People with language disorders can hardly express themselves and understand what others say. This is irrelevant to hearing problems. Language disorder, the former receptive-expressive language disorder, is common in children.

According to reliable resources, it occurs in 10-15% of those under three years old. By age 4, language is more stable and is measured more accurately to determine whether a deficit exists.

 

Receptive language disorder

The receptive language disorder is usually treated through the collective endeavors of teachers, parents, and speech-language pathologists. The following methods may cure them:

  • Medical exam
  • Language therapy
  • Home care options
  • Psychological therapy

Or other medical methods depending on the condition you suffer from.

Benefits of speech therapy at home

The American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA) recommends getting started in home health. Providing speech therapy services at home allows people to receive patient-centered services in an environment that is most comfortable. In other words, the home setting makes services appropriate to the patient’s environment and social needs. Patients feel most comfortable in their own homes, and all they need is nearby.

 On the other hand, in-home speech therapy causes people not to have the burden of travel time; instead, their energy is saved and spent in favor of having effective therapy sessions. In addition to all this, speech therapy services at Home Health Agencies are covered by Medicare and private insurance.

According to a report published by ASHA, the highest percentage of patients in home health centers who need speech therapy suffer from swallowing problems. This percentage is reasonable considering the high number of patients who suffer from stroke and refer to these centers for care services. The services that our center offers to improve swallowing problems include:

  • Bedside swallow evaluation
  • Postures modification for increased swallow function
  • Modified texture diets
  • Thermal/tactile and swallow-related oral motor exercises
  • Electrical stimulation of swallow

 

Treatment of language disorders in Las Vegas  

If you or your loved ones have language disorders, know that you are not alone and the good news is that there is help available close to home. Our skilled therapists can provide most services at home, whether the need for speech therapy arises from an illness, trauma, or accident. If you have questions or are unsure, please call us at (702) 871-9917 to get useful advice for a wise decision.

4 Comments

  1. Kim-po says:

    How long does it take to receive your services?

    (5/5)
  2. Jordan says:

    We thought my mother would never be able to speak after the stroke, but after one year of speech therapy, she’s got much much better. yeah, they are good.

    (5/5)

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