Table of Contents
- 1 Why is electrical stimulation used?
- 2 Types of Electrical Stimulation
- 3 Electrical muscle stimulation (EMS)
- 4 Functional electrical stimulation (FES)
- 5 Neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES)
- 6 How to do electrical stimulation
- 7 What are the possible side effects of electrical stimulation?
- 8 Electrical stimulation near me
Electrical stimulation therapy (e-stim) is a standard part of physical therapy. In this method, gentle electrical pulses enter the body through the skin. Electrical stimulation therapy is used to mimic the performance of signals coming from neurons by using weak or strong electrical pulses. Therapists use electric muscle stimulators to send these electrical currents to target muscles and nerves.
Electrical stimulation therapy for targeted muscle recovery causes repeated muscle contractions and improved blood flow to repair injured muscles.
Why is electrical stimulation used?
Electrical stimulation or electric therapy is used in physical therapy to:
- Provide treatment for the swelling
- Improve the strength of weak muscles that disfunction
- Relive patients by decreasing pain or spasms
In addition, electric therapy help therapists treat stubborn wounds. Many wound care specialists use EMS stimulators to provide this treatment to their patients. So, If you are experience pain or muscle weakness, electric therapy might be the answer to your problem.
Types of Electrical Stimulation
The two main types of electrical stimulation are:
Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS)
Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation, also known as TENS therapy, is performed to manage acute and chronic pain in physical therapy. In TENS therapy, electrodes are placed near the pain source. In transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation, therapists use low voltage electrical currents to treat pain or decrease pain. Signals are sent within nerve fibers to reduce the pain signals traveling to the brain.
Electrical muscle stimulation (EMS)
In this method, therapists use electric muscle stimulators, also known as EMS stimulators, to send strong signals to lead to muscle contraction and improve muscle strength. Many athletes use electric muscle stimulators for muscle growth and spasm.
Other types include:
- Spinal cord stimulation (SCS)
- Interferential current (IFC)
- Functional electrical stimulation (FES)
- Neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES)
In all these methods, muscle or nerve is stimulated to reduce pain, swelling, and spasm. Simply put, this treatment imitates the function of signals from neurons. It should be noted that this treatment approach, although not suitable for everyone, helps reduce painful symptoms in many people.
Functional electrical stimulation (FES)
Functional electrical stimulation is a type of electrical stimulation. It helps patients produce functional movements after paralysis. Electrical currents are sent to the patient’s muscles to make them contracted. These muscle contractions allow performing tasks such as reaching for a key, holding a toothbrush in hands, standing and walking.
Neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES)
Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation uses a type of EMS stimulator that sends electrical currents to nerves. These currents cause muscle contractions. In addition, neuromuscular electrical stimulation leads to increased strength and range of motion.
How to do electrical stimulation
Tell your doctor before starting treatment:
- Any allergies you have
- Medications you take
- If you have implanted devices such as a pacemaker
First, sticky pads are placed on your body. Then, these pads are connected to the electrical stimulation device through the wire. Electric current gradually increases during the treatment session. Also, depending on the device, your muscles may contract repeatedly. Depending on the patient’s condition, each treatment session will last between 5 and 15 minutes.
Contact your physician if you have any of the following problems:
- Redness and swelling at the site of the pads
- Increase in heart rate
What are the possible side effects of electrical stimulation?
You will only feel tingly or warm during the treatment session. Note that this treatment can be dangerous for you if you use implanted devices such as pacemakers. Also, this method should not be used during pregnancy.
Electrical stimulation near me
If you live in Las Vegas and need physical therapy services, you can contact our center. We provide complete services to improve the rehabilitation of you and your loved ones at your home. For more information, you can call (702) 871-9917.
You can get information about other Home Health services