What are the Symptoms, Causes, and Risk Factors of Osteoporosis?

A fracture can occur even if an individual leans over or coughs when they have osteoporosis because their bones weaken and become fragile. Hip fractures, wrist fractures, and spinal fractures are the most common osteoporosis-related fractures known to physical therapists.

Bone is a type of tissue continually breaking down and rebuilding. Osteoporosis develops when the formation of new bone does not stay consistent with the loss of old bone.

All men and women are affected by osteoporosis. However, white and Asian women, particularly older women who have passed menopause, are most vulnerable. Medications, a nutritious diet, and weight-bearing exercise can all prevent bone loss or strengthen bones that are already weak.

What is Osteoporosis?

The osteoporosis definition means “porous bone.” It is a bone-weakening illness; if you have it, you are more likely to suffer from sudden and unanticipated bone fractures. Osteoporosis is characterized by decreased bone mass and strength. The condition frequently manifests itself without any signs or discomfort, and it is typically not recognized until the weakening bones produce painful fractures. The majority of them are hip, wrist, and spine fractures.


What are the Symptoms of Osteoporosis?

There are frequently no symptoms in the early stages of bone loss. However, if your bones are weakened due to osteoporosis, you may encounter the following signs and symptoms:

  • Back discomfort as a result of a broken or compressed vertebra
  • Height loss over time
  • A hunched stance
  • A bone that fractures far more readily than predicted

The mentioned symptoms are some general symptoms of osteoporosis. Let’s look at some of the osteoporosis symptoms in detail:


You get out of a chair by using your arms.

If you have to use your arms to push off, this might indicate deteriorating muscles, which can signify weakening bones. Our bones and muscles operate together; they become stronger and tend to weaken as a unit. Difficulty getting into and out of a chair is caused by a loss of muscular mass in the thighs. Furthermore, poor muscle mass is a powerful predictor of bone issues. It is also a good predictor of dropping prices. When your leg muscles are weak, you are more prone to fall and break your leg. Incorporating muscle-strengthening workouts into your everyday regimen can aid in bone quality improvement.


You are on thyroid medicine.

Thyroid hormone levels that are too high can interfere with the production of new bone mass. While some people’s thyroids are naturally hyperactive, hypothyroidism is more frequent. It’s also typical for people with underactive thyroids to get more replacement hormones than they need. Therefore, doctors must identify the correct thyroid hormone dose to meet the body’s metabolic demands while avoiding overtreatment, which can contribute to bone loss.


You’re experiencing some hearing loss.

In one research of approximately 144,000 women, osteoporosis and poor bone density was independently linked to a 30% increased chance of experiencing moderate or severe hearing loss. As a result, any loss in your hearing abilities may indicate an underlying problem. As we age, the bones surrounding our ears, which protect the nerves and structures responsible for hearing and balance, may change in composition and function, resulting in hearing loss.


Your lower back aches.

Perhaps you merely strained a muscle when reaching for a high shelf. However, if the discomfort lasts longer than a few days, consider having it checked out because the pain in your lumbar area might indicate an osteoporosis-related fracture. To add insult to injury, these fractures might cause you to become shorter over time. Anyone who has lost 112 inches or more should be checked for osteoporosis.


You feel bloated or constipated.

Digestive disorders, including colitis and Crohn’s disease, can cause bone-building minerals such as vitamin D and calcium malabsorption. These conditions also present inflammation, and “systemic inflammation can exacerbate bone loss. Steroids such as hydrocortisone or prednisone, frequently used to treat these disorders, can negatively impact bone health. Furthermore, many patients with digestive problems avoid dairy or follow restricted diets, which may cause them to lose out on critical nutrients important for bone health.


What are the Causes of Osteoporosis?

One of the causes of osteoporosis is that your bones are constantly being renewed – new bone is made, and older bone is broken down. When you’re in your youthful years, your body creates new bones quicker than degrades old ones, so your bone mass grows. This bone formation process slows down after the early twenties, and most people attain their maximal bone mass by thirty. Bone mass is lost quicker than it is formed as people age.

The amount of bone mass you had when you were younger influences your risk of developing osteoporosis. The peak bone mass varies by ethnicity and is partly inherited. Peak bone mass increases as you age, bone density increases, and you are less likely to develop osteoporosis.


What are the Risk Factors for Osteoporosis?

Many osteoporosis risk factors, such as age, race, lifestyle habits, and medical issues and therapies, can all raise your chances of developing osteoporosis.


Unchangeable risks

Some osteoporosis risk factors are out of your hand, such as:

  • Your sexuality. Women are far more prone than males to acquire osteoporosis.
  • Age. The more you age, the more prone you are to get osteoporosis.
  • Race. You are more likely to get osteoporosis if you are white or of Asian heritage.
  • A family tree. Having an osteoporotic parent or sibling increases your chances, mainly if your mother or father shattered a hip.
  • Size of the body frame. All men and women with petite physical frames are more vulnerable because they may have less bone mass and density to draw on as they grow older.


Hormone levels

An individual with too much or too little of particular hormones in their body is more likely to develop osteoporosis. Here are several examples:

  • Sexual hormones. Reduced sex hormone levels are known to damage bones. The decline in levels of estrogen hormones in women throughout menopause is one of the most significant risk factors for osteoporosis. Prostate cancer therapies that lower testosterone levels in males and breast cancer treatments that lower estrogen hormone levels in women are likely to hasten bone loss.
  • Thyroid problems. Thyroid issues Thyroid hormone excess might result in bone loss. This can happen if your thyroid is hyperactive or if you use too much thyroid hormone therapy to treat an underactive thyroid.
  • Different glands. Osteoporosis has also been related to overactive parathyroid and adrenal glands.


Dietary factors

Osteoporosis is more common in those who have:

  • Inadequate calcium intake. A lack of calcium throughout one’s life leads to the development of osteoporosis. Low calcium consumption leads to decreased bone density and strength, early bone loss, and higher fracture risk.
  • Eating problems. Food restriction and being underweight can deteriorate bone in men and women.
  • Surgery on the intestines. Surgery to reduce the capacity of your stomach or remove a portion of your intestine minimizes the surface area accessible to absorb nutrients, like calcium. These procedures include those used to assist you in losing weight and those used to treat gastrointestinal issues.


Steroids and other medications

Long-term usage of corticosteroid drugs, including prednisone and cortisone, either orally or intravenously, disrupts the bone-rebuilding process. In addition, a medication used to treat or prevent osteoporosis has also been linked to the disease.

  • Seizures
  • Reflux of the stomach
  • Cancer
  • Rejection of a transplant


Medical conditions

People with specific medical conditions are more likely to develop osteoporosis, including:

  • Kidney or liver failure
  • Celiac disease
  • Cancer
  • Myeloma multiplex
  • Inflammatory bowel disease
  • Arthritis rheumatoid


Lifestyle choices

Some unhealthy behaviors might put you at risk for osteoporosis. Here are several examples:

  • Sedentary way of life. Osteoporosis is more likely to develop in people who sit for long periods than inactive people. Physical activity, including walking, jogging, leaping, dancing, and weightlifting, promotes good posture and balance, which are excellent for your bones.
  • Drinking too much alcohol. Consuming more than two alcoholic beverages every day raises the risk of osteoporosis.
  • Tobacco consumption. The precise effect of tobacco on osteoporosis is unknown, although it has been demonstrated that tobacco usage contributes to weak bones.


What are the Uncontrollable Osteoporosis Risk Factors?

  • Being a lady of color, either white or Asian
  • Having a hysterectomy (removal of ovaries)
  • Osteoporosis in the family (genetics)
  • Having a petite physical structure and a low body weight
  • Multiple myeloma
  • Previous fractured bones or loss of height


What are the Controllable Osteoporosis Risk Factors?

  • Not receiving the FDA-recommended calcium and vitamin D levels for your age and gender.
  • Consuming insufficient fruits and vegetables
  • Excessive protein, salt, and caffeine consumption
  • Being dormant
  • Smoking
  • Excessive alcohol consumption
  • Weight growth and obesity

Certain drugs, such as steroids, proton pump inhibitors, and anticonvulsants, might raise the risk of osteoporosis. In addition, certain conditions, including autoimmune disorders, diabetes, renal or liver disease, and gastrointestinal ailments (colitis, Crohn’s disease, celiac disease), might further raise your risk.


What are the Osteoporosis Complications?

The most serious consequences of osteoporosis are bone fractures, particularly in the spine or hip. Hip fractures are frequently caused by falls and can lead to disability and possibly an enhanced mortality risk within the first year.

Even if you haven’t fallen, you can sustain a spinal fracture. The vertebrae might deteriorate to the point of falling, resulting in back discomfort, loss of height, and a hunched forward posture.

Paget’s disease of bone usually advances slowly. In almost all cases, the condition can be adequately controlled. Complications might include:

  • Deformities and fractures. Affected bones are more prone to breaking. These malformed bones bleed more during repair procedures due to extra blood vessels. Leg bones might bow, impairing your walking ability.
  • Osteoarthritis. Misshapen bones can put more strain on surrounding joints, leading to osteoarthritis.
  • Failure of the heart. Extensive bone Paget’s disease may need your heart to pump blood more challenging to the damaged portions of your body. This extra responsibility can lead to cardiac failure in patients who already have heart disease.
  • Cancer of the bones. Bone cancer affects fewer than 1% of persons with Paget’s disease of the bones.


When Is Spinal Osteoporosis Serious?

Osteoporosis does not create issues in its early stages, with no evident signs such as back discomfort or instability. If osteoporosis is detected at this point by normal screening and diagnostic procedures, it is usually mild and may be effectively treated to postpone or avoid fractures.


When to See a Doctor about Osteoporosis?

Those who experienced early menopause, who took corticosteroids for several months, or whose parents suffered hip fractures might need to be tested for osteoporosis. Consult your doctor if you experience:

  • Bone and joint discomfort
  • Tingling and fatigue
  • Deformities of the bones
  • Back discomfort caused by the fracture. Back pain can develop gradually or unexpectedly, and it can be severe. Osteoporosis-related nerve root discomfort is less prevalent.
  • A hunch in the upper back is caused by vertebral fractures and partial collapse in numerous locations, causing the spine’s curvature to shift.
  • Numerous fractures cause height loss in the vertebral bodies.
  • Loss of movement and instability during regular activities owing to bone deterioration
  • Respiratory and cardiovascular problems occur when repeated fractures shrink the torso and press the belly.
  • Self-esteem decline, loss of independence, and mood swings
  • Neurologic damage that occurs seldom


Osteoporosis vs. Osteopenia: What is the Difference?

Osteopenia and osteoporosis are two terms used to describe bones that have deteriorated over time. In addition, bone mineral density scores can be used to assess bone strength. BMD assesses the number of minerals in your bones, such as calcium, and a lower score indicates a greater risk of fractures or breaks.

Osteopenia is the initial stage on the path to osteoporosis. Technically, it’s merely a way of indicating that your bone density is below average but isn’t creating any serious concerns.

Bone density rises at the age of 35, and as it declines, you may be given a diagnosis of osteopenia. This usually starts with no symptoms, but if you start breaking or fracturing bones regularly, your doctor may opt to assess your bone density.

You experience osteopenia if your bone density score is below the normal range ( between -1 and -2.5.). If your score is less than -2.5, you may have osteoporosis.

Osteoporosis is the more severe stage of osteopenia. The honeycomb-like structure of your bones gets even more porous as bone density diminishes. The more free gaps within your bones, the less density and strength they have. Even when undertaking routine daily tasks, the light, weak bones that grow with osteoporosis might put you at risk for fractures and breaks.


Osteoporosis Nursing in Las Vegas

Health and Care Professional Network in Las Vegas provides a variety of caregiver services to persons suffering from osteoporosis. The services are designed for your loved ones’ medical conditions and needs. As previously noted, you can also obtain Medicare-covered services. The on-call services are accessible 24/7.

We improve your safety and health at home by acting as the doctor’s eyes and ears to deliver the best care possible in the comfort of your own home. For example, the osteoporosis medication we provide reduces unnecessary hospital visits and keeps health problems from developing.



Osteoporosis is a chronic illness that increases the likelihood of fractures, morbidity, and mortality. Long-term treatment may be necessary, although the long-term hazards of osteoporosis medicines are still unknown. The competing danger of mortality may be an obstacle to treating the elderly, although this may not be reasonable if therapy reduces the chance of dying. It is challenging to develop long-term goal-directed strategies for addressing osteoporosis without reliable data on residual life expectancy in treated individuals.

Osteoporosis does not generate pain or visible signs on its own. Instead, complications emerge as bone strength declines, making the spine less able to endure routine stressors such as a mild fall or simply carrying a bag of groceries from a car trunk.

If you have any questions about osteoporosis, please write them in the comment section.



What foods destroy bone density?

  • Alcohol
  • Soft Drinks
  • Salt
  • Hydrogenated Oils
  • Vitamin A-Rich Foods


How fast does osteoporosis progress?

The rate of bone loss after menopause increases dramatically compared to the rate of bone loss during women’s reproductive years.


What should you avoid eating if you have osteoporosis?

  • Salt
  • Caffeine
  • Soda
  • Red Meat
  • Alcohol
  • Wheat Bran
  • Liver and Fish Liver Oil


  1. Luke Smith says:

    I like that you talked about how back discomfort as a result of a broken or compressed vertebra is a symptom of osteoporosis. My aunt has been complaining about her back lately and we fear that it might be due to osteoporosis. It would best for her to consult with an expert and ask for bone density testing.

    • behroozi says:

      Hello dear luke,
      Sorry to hear about your aunt’s problem. You can fill out our online form, set an appointment, and consult with our experts.

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