A fracture can occur even if an individual leans over or coughs when they have osteoporosis because their bones weaken and become fragile. Hip fractures, wrist fractures, and spinal fractures are the most common osteoporosis-related fractures known to physical therapists.
Bone is a type of tissue continually breaking down and rebuilding. Osteoporosis develops when the formation of new bone does not stay consistent with the loss of old bone.
All men and women are affected by osteoporosis. However, white and Asian women, particularly older women who have passed menopause, are most vulnerable. Medications, a nutritious diet, and weight-bearing exercise can all prevent bone loss or strengthen bones that are already weak.
Table of Contents
The osteoporosis definition means “porous bone.” It is a bone-weakening illness; if you have it, you are more likely to suffer from sudden and unanticipated bone fractures. Osteoporosis is characterized by decreased bone mass and strength. The condition frequently manifests itself without any signs or discomfort, and it is typically not recognized until the weakening bones produce painful fractures. The majority of them are hip, wrist, and spine fractures.
There are frequently no symptoms in the early stages of bone loss. However, if your bones are weakened due to osteoporosis, you may encounter the following signs and symptoms:
The mentioned symptoms are some general symptoms of osteoporosis. Let’s look at some of the osteoporosis symptoms in detail:
You get out of a chair by using your arms.
If you have to use your arms to push off, this might indicate deteriorating muscles, which can signify weakening bones. Our bones and muscles operate together; they become stronger and tend to weaken as a unit. Difficulty getting into and out of a chair is caused by a loss of muscular mass in the thighs. Furthermore, poor muscle mass is a powerful predictor of bone issues. It is also a good predictor of dropping prices. When your leg muscles are weak, you are more prone to fall and break your leg. Incorporating muscle-strengthening workouts into your everyday regimen can aid in bone quality improvement.
You are on thyroid medicine.
Thyroid hormone levels that are too high can interfere with the production of new bone mass. While some people’s thyroids are naturally hyperactive, hypothyroidism is more frequent. It’s also typical for people with underactive thyroids to get more replacement hormones than they need. Therefore, doctors must identify the correct thyroid hormone dose to meet the body’s metabolic demands while avoiding overtreatment, which can contribute to bone loss.
You’re experiencing some hearing loss.
In one research of approximately 144,000 women, osteoporosis and poor bone density was independently linked to a 30% increased chance of experiencing moderate or severe hearing loss. As a result, any loss in your hearing abilities may indicate an underlying problem. As we age, the bones surrounding our ears, which protect the nerves and structures responsible for hearing and balance, may change in composition and function, resulting in hearing loss.
Your lower back aches.
Perhaps you merely strained a muscle when reaching for a high shelf. However, if the discomfort lasts longer than a few days, consider having it checked out because the pain in your lumbar area might indicate an osteoporosis-related fracture. To add insult to injury, these fractures might cause you to become shorter over time. Anyone who has lost 112 inches or more should be checked for osteoporosis.
You feel bloated or constipated.
Digestive disorders, including colitis and Crohn’s disease, can cause bone-building minerals such as vitamin D and calcium malabsorption. These conditions also present inflammation, and “systemic inflammation can exacerbate bone loss. Steroids such as hydrocortisone or prednisone, frequently used to treat these disorders, can negatively impact bone health. Furthermore, many patients with digestive problems avoid dairy or follow restricted diets, which may cause them to lose out on critical nutrients important for bone health.
One of the causes of osteoporosis is that your bones are constantly being renewed – new bone is made, and older bone is broken down. When you’re in your youthful years, your body creates new bones quicker than degrades old ones, so your bone mass grows. This bone formation process slows down after the early twenties, and most people attain their maximal bone mass by thirty. Bone mass is lost quicker than it is formed as people age.
The amount of bone mass you had when you were younger influences your risk of developing osteoporosis. The peak bone mass varies by ethnicity and is partly inherited. Peak bone mass increases as you age, bone density increases, and you are less likely to develop osteoporosis.
Many osteoporosis risk factors, such as age, race, lifestyle habits, and medical issues and therapies, can all raise your chances of developing osteoporosis.
Some osteoporosis risk factors are out of your hand, such as:
An individual with too much or too little of particular hormones in their body is more likely to develop osteoporosis. Here are several examples:
Osteoporosis is more common in those who have:
Long-term usage of corticosteroid drugs, including prednisone and cortisone, either orally or intravenously, disrupts the bone-rebuilding process. In addition, a medication used to treat or prevent osteoporosis has also been linked to the disease.
People with specific medical conditions are more likely to develop osteoporosis, including:
Some unhealthy behaviors might put you at risk for osteoporosis. Here are several examples:
Certain drugs, such as steroids, proton pump inhibitors, and anticonvulsants, might raise the risk of osteoporosis. In addition, certain conditions, including autoimmune disorders, diabetes, renal or liver disease, and gastrointestinal ailments (colitis, Crohn’s disease, celiac disease), might further raise your risk.
The most serious consequences of osteoporosis are bone fractures, particularly in the spine or hip. Hip fractures are frequently caused by falls and can lead to disability and possibly an enhanced mortality risk within the first year.
Even if you haven’t fallen, you can sustain a spinal fracture. The vertebrae might deteriorate to the point of falling, resulting in back discomfort, loss of height, and a hunched forward posture.
Paget’s disease of bone usually advances slowly. In almost all cases, the condition can be adequately controlled. Complications might include:
Osteoporosis does not create issues in its early stages, with no evident signs such as back discomfort or instability. If osteoporosis is detected at this point by normal screening and diagnostic procedures, it is usually mild and may be effectively treated to postpone or avoid fractures.
Those who experienced early menopause, who took corticosteroids for several months, or whose parents suffered hip fractures might need to be tested for osteoporosis. Consult your doctor if you experience:
Osteopenia and osteoporosis are two terms used to describe bones that have deteriorated over time. In addition, bone mineral density scores can be used to assess bone strength. BMD assesses the number of minerals in your bones, such as calcium, and a lower score indicates a greater risk of fractures or breaks.
Osteopenia is the initial stage on the path to osteoporosis. Technically, it’s merely a way of indicating that your bone density is below average but isn’t creating any serious concerns.
Bone density rises at the age of 35, and as it declines, you may be given a diagnosis of osteopenia. This usually starts with no symptoms, but if you start breaking or fracturing bones regularly, your doctor may opt to assess your bone density.
You experience osteopenia if your bone density score is below the normal range ( between -1 and -2.5.). If your score is less than -2.5, you may have osteoporosis.
Osteoporosis is the more severe stage of osteopenia. The honeycomb-like structure of your bones gets even more porous as bone density diminishes. The more free gaps within your bones, the less density and strength they have. Even when undertaking routine daily tasks, the light, weak bones that grow with osteoporosis might put you at risk for fractures and breaks.
Health and Care Professional Network in Las Vegas provides a variety of caregiver services to persons suffering from osteoporosis. The services are designed for your loved ones’ medical conditions and needs. As previously noted, you can also obtain Medicare-covered services. The on-call services are accessible 24/7.
We improve your safety and health at home by acting as the doctor’s eyes and ears to deliver the best care possible in the comfort of your own home. For example, the osteoporosis medication we provide reduces unnecessary hospital visits and keeps health problems from developing.
Osteoporosis is a chronic illness that increases the likelihood of fractures, morbidity, and mortality. Long-term treatment may be necessary, although the long-term hazards of osteoporosis medicines are still unknown. The competing danger of mortality may be an obstacle to treating the elderly, although this may not be reasonable if therapy reduces the chance of dying. It is challenging to develop long-term goal-directed strategies for addressing osteoporosis without reliable data on residual life expectancy in treated individuals.
Osteoporosis does not generate pain or visible signs on its own. Instead, complications emerge as bone strength declines, making the spine less able to endure routine stressors such as a mild fall or simply carrying a bag of groceries from a car trunk.
If you have any questions about osteoporosis, please write them in the comment section.
What foods destroy bone density?
How fast does osteoporosis progress?
The rate of bone loss after menopause increases dramatically compared to the rate of bone loss during women’s reproductive years.
What should you avoid eating if you have osteoporosis?