Causes and Treatments of Bedwetting & Urinary Incontinence in Children

Treatments for Urinary Incontinence in Children

The lack of bladder control is referred to as urinary incontinence or enuresis. It is typical for youngsters under three to lack complete bladder control. As children get older, they gain control of their bladder. Urinary incontinence in children occurs when a youngster is old enough to regulate their bladder and wets themselves. Urinary incontinence in children can occur at any time of day or night. Urinary incontinence in children may be aggravating. 

However, it is necessary to be patient and realize that it is not your kids’ fault. Urinary incontinence in children is uncontrollable in a youngster. There are several strategies to treat enuresis and assist your child.

This essay will tell you about the causes and treatments of bladder control problems, bedwetting, and daytime wetting in children.

Types of Urinary Incontinence (Enuresis)

Urinary incontinence is classified into four categories by doctors. For example, a kid might have one or more of the following types:

  • Urinary incontinence (Enuresis) during the day. This is during the daytime.
  • Nocturnal enuresis. This results in nighttime wetness. It’s commonly referred to as bedwetting. This is the most prevalent kind of enuresis.
  • Urinary incontinence (Enuresis) that isn’t secondary. This happens when a youngster hasn’t wholly mastered potty training.
  • Urinary incontinence (Enuresis) secondary. This occurs when a youngster has a dry time followed by wetness intervals.

What are the Causes of Bedwetting and Bladder Control Problems in Children?

Many bladder control issues in children are caused by poor bathroom habits, such as holding pee for too long and sluggish physical growth. In addition, a medical issue can induce wetness less often. 


What are the Causes of Daytime Wetting in Children?

Daytime wetness in children is typically caused by retaining pee for too long, constipation, or faulty bladder systems. Daytime wetness can also be caused by health issues such as bladder or kidney infections (UTIs), anatomical difficulties in the urinary tract, or nerve disorders.

When youngsters retain their pee for an extended period, it can cause difficulties with the bladder’s function or exacerbate existing problems. Among these bladder issues are:


Overactive bladder or urge incontinence

Bladder muscles contract unexpectedly and without warning, resulting in urine loss. As a result, your youngster may have intense, unexpected urination needs. She may urinate 8 or more times each day.


Underactive bladder

Children only urinate a few times each day and have little desire. A weak bladder contraction may cause your child to have difficulty urinating, a weak stream, or a stop-and-go flow of pee.


Disordered urination

Sometimes, the bladder’s muscles and nerves may not work well together. Muscles of the pelvic floor or sphincter may cut urinary flow too early before emptying the bladder. If urine remains in the bladder, it may leak.


What are the Causes of Bedwetting in Children?

Nighttime wetting is frequently associated with delayed physical changes, a family history of bedwetting, or urinating excessively at night. In many situations, there are several causes. Children nearly never pee the bed on purpose, and most of those who do are physically and mentally fine. Bedwetting can be caused by a medical ailment, including diabetes or constipation.


Slow physical development

Slow physical growth between 5 and 10 might lead your child to pee on the bed. For example, your child might have a tiny bladder, deep sleeping patterns, or a neural system still growing and maturing. The nervous system is responsible for the body’s alarms, including messages concerning a full or empty bladder and the urge to wake up.


Family history

Bedwetting frequently tends to run in families. As a result, bedwetting genes have been discovered by researchers. Genes are pieces of the genetic codes children acquire from each of their parents for hair color and various other characteristics.


Making too much urine

Throughout the night, your child’s kidneys may produce too much pee, resulting in an overfull bladder. Your child will likely wet the bed if they do not wake up in time. Low levels of antidiuretic hormone (ADH), a natural substance, often lead to excess urine at night. ADH instructs the kidneys to excrete less water at night.


Sleep disorders

Bedwetting can be caused by sleepwalking or OSA (obstructive sleep apnea). Children who suffer from OSA breathe poorly and receive less oxygen, causing the kidneys to produce more urine at night. Bedwetting might indicate that your child suffers from OSA. Other signs, such as snoring, mouth breathing, ear and sinus infections, morning dry mouth, and afternoon tiredness, might indicate OSA in children.



Bedwetting can be caused by stress, and worrying about wetting throughout the day or night can exacerbate the problem. A new baby in the family, sleeping alone, relocating or beginning a new school, mistreatment, or a family crisis are possible sources of stress for your child.


What are the Treatments for Urinary Incontinence and Bedwetting in Children?

Treatments for daytime wetness and bedwetting vary depending on the cause of the wetting and frequently begin with adjustments in bladder and bowel patterns. Your child’s doctor will treat constipation so that hard stools do not strain on the bladder and cause wetness.


Bladder training

Bladder training aids your child in using the restroom more quickly and may assist in resetting bladder organs that don’t operate well together. Programs may contain:

  • Timed voiding is the practice of urinating every 2 to 3 hours on a set schedule.
  • Peeing twice in one round, also known as double voiding This approach, may aid in the entire emptying of the bladder in children with an underactive or “lazy” bladder or vesicoureteral reflux (VUR)
  • Relaxing the pelvic floor muscles allows youngsters to empty their bladder. A few biofeedback sessions can reprogram muscles that do not operate in the correct sequence.

In exceedingly rare circumstances, doctors may recommend inserting a catheter, a thin, flexible tube, to empty the bladder. In addition, in children with a weak, underactive bladder, using a catheter occasionally may help them acquire greater bladder control.



Your child’s doctor may advise them to take medication to decrease daytime wetness or avoid a urinary tract infection (UTI). Until a kid matures and outgrows the condition spontaneously, oxybutynin NIH external link (Ditropan) is frequently the first option of treatment to settle an overactive bladder.

If your kid has recurrent bladder infections, the doctor may prescribe an antibiotic, which is a medication that destroys the germs that cause infections. To avoid recurring bladder infections, your child’s doctor may advise them to take a low-dose antibiotic for several months.


Home care and support

Even without therapies, changes in your child’s habits and behavior can significantly improve daytime wetness. Motivate your youngster to:

  • Use the restroom whenever the desire strikes.
  • If your doctor recommends it, consume additional liquids, primarily water. Drinking more liquid results in more pee and visits to the restroom.
  • Spend additional time in the restroom to relax and thoroughly empty the bladder.
  • Avoid caffeine and bubble drinks, citrus juices, and sports drinks. These beverages may irritate the bladder or cause excessive pee production.

To overcome daytime wetness, children require much support from their parents and caregivers, not blame or punishment. Calming your child’s anxieties, such as those associated with a new baby or a new school, may be beneficial. Stress can be treated with the assistance of a counselor or psychologist NIH external link.


Bedwetting treatment

If your kid’s provider recommends therapy, it will most likely begin with methods to inspire your child and improve their behavior. The next step is to install moisture detectors or medication.

The parent and the kid must be motivated for a bedwetting treatment program to be effective. Treatment does not usually eliminate bedwetting, and some setbacks are probable. But, therapy can significantly reduce the number of times your kid wets the bed.


Motivational therapy

You and your kid will decide on strategies to control bedwetting and prizes for sticking to the program for motivational treatment. Using a calendar with stickers, keep track of your child’s tasks and development. You may praise your child for remembering to use the restroom before bed, assisting with the change and cleaning wet bedding, and having a dry night.

Motivational treatment assists youngsters in gaining control over their bedwetting. With this method, many children learn to stay dry, and others have fewer wet nights. However, taking back prizes, shame, fines, and punishments do not help; your child is not intentionally peeing the bed. If your child’s wetness does not improve after 3 to 6 months, consult with a healthcare expert about additional options.


Moisture alarms

Moisture detectors detect the first droplets of pee in a kid’s underpants and sound an alarm, causing the youngster to wake up. A sensor is attached to your child’s clothing or bedding. You might have to wake up your child, take them to the toilet, and start cleaning up wet clothes and the bed at first. However, your youngster will soon understand to wake up when their bladder is full and go to the restroom on time.

Moisture alarms work successfully for many children and can effectively eliminate bedwetting. Families must utilize the notice regularly for 3 to 4 months as the kid learns to detect and manage their signals. Smaller wet areas, fewer alarms overnight, and your child waking up on their own are all signs of improvement in the first few weeks.



When other therapies have failed, your child’s doctor may recommend medication. Desmopressin NIH external link (DDAVP) is frequently the first-line treatment for bedwetting. This medication reduces the quantity of pee your child’s body produces overnight, preventing the bladder from overfilling and leaking. Desmopressin can be effective, although bedwetting frequently returns after the medication is stopped. Decompression can be used for sleepovers, camp, and other brief periods. Desmopressin can also be safely administered to children for extended periods.


Home care

When used alone or in conjunction with other therapies, changes in your child’s habits may help bedwetting. Motivate your youngster to:

  • The majority of their beverages are consumed in the morning and early afternoon.
  • Urinate every 2 to 3 hours throughout the day and right before night, for 4 to 7 times each day.
  • Urinate twice before bed (approximately a half-hour apart) to empty the bladder and make room for fresh pee produced overnight.
  • Prevent having caffeine and bubble drinks, citrus juices, and sports drinks. These beverages may stimulate the bladder or cause excessive pee production.


When Should Your Child Visit a Doctor about Bedwetting and Bladder Control Problems?

Speak with a doctor or a healthcare professional if you or your kid are concerned about unintentional leaking. They can screen for medical issues and address them or reassure you that your kid is developing correctly. If your child shows any of the following signs of a medical concern, take them to a doctor.

  • Bladder infection symptoms include
    • Urinary discomfort or burning
    • Hazy, black, red, or odorous urine
    • Urinating more frequently than normal
    • Urge to pee often, yet passing just a tiny volume of urine
    • An ache in the lower abdomen or back
    • Sobbing when urinating 
    • Fever
    • Restlessness
  • If your kid dribbles pee or has a weak urine stream, this might be a symptom of a urinary tract birth abnormality.
  • Your child was dry but began to wet again.

Although each child is unique, clinicians frequently consider a child’s age to determine when to search for a bladder control problem. Generally speaking,

  • Most youngsters are dry throughout the day by the age of four.
  • Most youngsters are dry at night by the age of 5 or 6.


Tips for Managing Bedwetting and Urinary Incontinence in Children (Enuresis)

Remember that your youngster cannot solve the problem on their own. Ensure not to reprimand or blame. Make sure that family members or friends do not tease your youngster.

  • Remember that many children outgrow enuresis.
  • A fit plastic sheet will cover your child’s sleeping bed.
  • While out and about, keep a change of clothing on hand.


Urinary Incontinence Care for Children in Las Vegas

Nighttime wetness is typical in many children and is sometimes overlooked as a health issue, mainly when it runs in families. Many children get urinary incontinence on occasion. Some children may take more time than others to learn to manage their bladder. For example, girls mostly find themselves having better bladder control than boys. Therefore, healthcare professionals diagnose girls with urinary incontinence earlier than boys. Girls as young as five can be analyzed. Boys are not detected until they are at least six years old.

We can assist you in relieving the symptoms of urine incontinence by choosing an appropriate fiber-rich diet, exercises for the pelvic floor, bladder conditioning, and training in proper toilet habits.

If you are unsure if our services are ideal for you, our adviser can give you the knowledge you want when making healthcare decisions. So please do not hesitate to contact us. In addition, you can learn more about other Home Assist services.

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